Scotland has five formal ski centres, as well as a number of artificial ski runs, like that at Hillend on the outskirts of Edinburgh. Established since the 2nd World War, they are characterised by runs, lifts and tows, visitor centres, car-parks and associated buildings and cover quite extensive areas of mountain and moorland. Glencoe was the first to open around 1960 and now, as at the other centres, it offers skiing and snowboarding in the winter and other sports, including paragliding, during the summer.
The ski centre at Cairn Gorm, with its access road, funicular railway, ski tows and visitor centre covers a considerable part of the flank of the mountain. Centres like this are noted on current OS maps and their full extent can be seen on aerial photographs.